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The IMC Lab

Levine Science Research Center

308 Research Drive, Room C03E

Durham, NC 27708



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Copyright © 2019 The Imagination and Modal Cognition Lab



Principal Investigator

Postdoctoral Fellows

Graduate Students

Lab Manager

Research Assistants

Scotty Carlson is a senior majoring in Neuroscience and minoring in Philosophy and Psychology.  He is interested in various ways the mind constructs the universe we know through things like memory, imagination, and counterfactual thinking.
Shenyang Huang is a senior double majoring in Neuroscience and Mathematics. He is interested in memory, causal reasoning, mathematical cognition, and philosophy.
Nat Hollister graduated from Duke University in 2018. They are interested in attention, the neural underpinnings of consciousness, and philosophy of consciousness.
Nathan Liang is a junior majoring in Psychology and double-minoring in Philosophy and Neuroscience. He is interested in studying social cognition and the cognitive neuroscience of morality and emotion.


past and present

Donna Rose Addis, Rotman Research Institute

Tim Brady, University of California, San Diego

Paul Bello, US Naval Research Laboratory

Roberto Cabeza, Duke University

Simon Davis, Duke University

Kelly S. Giovanello, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Sangeet Khemlani, US Naval Research Laboratory 

Joshua Knobe, Yale University

Kevin LaBar, Duke University

Kourken Michaelian, Université Grenoble Alpes

John Pearson, Duke University

Sarah Robins, University of Kansas

Zach Rosenthal, Duke University

Daniel L. Schacter, Harvard University

Paul Seli, Duke University

R. Nathan Spreng, McGill University

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Duke University

Peggy L. St. Jacques, University of Alberta

Nina Strohminger, University of Pennsylvania

Karl K. Szpunar, University of Illinois, Chicago

Marty Woldorff, Duke University

Kristina earned a B.A. in Psychology and English from Duke University and went on to earn her Ph.D. in Psychology at the University of Notre Dame. Kristina studies how attention — and distraction — affect visual perception, memory, and the culminating attribution of causal judgements. She is currently using behavioral, eye tracking, and neuroimaging techniques for a multidimensional view. Kristina is also interested in exploring how her research interfaces with philosophical concepts regarding responsibility and moral agency.

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Samuel earned a B.A. in Philosophy from Wake Forest University and a PhD in Philosophy from the University of Notre Dame. His work focuses on the psychology of acting over time and how vigilance interacts with attention, memory, and control to facilitate temporally extended agency. Additionally, he works on normative questions of moral responsibility — especially responsibility for negligence — and has an abiding interest in the history of early modern philosophy.

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Fuchsberg-Levine Family Associate Professor of Philosophy
Associate Professor, Psychology and Neuroscience
Core Faculty, Duke Institute for Brain Sciences & Center for Cognitive Neuroscience

Felipe earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Colombia, where he studied philosophy and neuropsychology. He earned a masters degree from Tufts University, where he studied philosophy and cognitive science under the direction of Daniel Dennett. Then, he earned a doctoral degree from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, where he studied philosophy and cognitive neuroscience under the direction of Jesse Prinz and Kelly Giovanello, respectively. Before coming to Duke, he spent two years as a post-doctoral fellow in Daniel Schacter's Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Lab at Harvard University. With Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, he launched the Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy that have been hosted every year at Duke since 2016.

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Leonard Faul

 Leonard received a B.S. in Psychology and Biology from the University of Louisville in 2017, where he also worked as a research assistant in the Neuroimaging Laboratory of Cognitive, Affective, and Motoric Processes. He joined the lab through the Cognitive Neuroscience Admitting Program, and currently works with Kevin LaBar and Felipe De Brigard to investigate the interaction of emotional experiences with memory consolidation and modification. 

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Kevin O'Neill

Kevin is a PhD student who joined the lab through the Cognitive Neuroscience Admitting Program. He received a B.S. in Cognitive Science and Computer Science at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, where he worked in the Rensselaer Artificial Intelligence and Reasoning (RAIR) Lab, and later worked as a computer scientist at the US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL). Currently, Kevin is working with Felipe De Brigard, John Pearson, and NRL to investigate how the brain coordinates cognitive processes (e.g., attention, perception, and memory) to support inference and reasoning in a variety of domains.

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Matthew earned a B.S. in Psychology and a B.A. in philosophy from Wake Forest University. He joined the lab through the Cognitive Neuroscience Admitting Program and is currently a PhD student in Psychology & Neuroscience. He works with Roberto Cabeza, Felipe De Brigard, Elizabeth Marsh, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong to answer questions involving memory, morality, truth, and reasons from computational, behavioral, and philosophical perspectives. 

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Brenda earned a B.S. and B.A. in Neuroscience and Interdisciplinary Studies from the University of Southern California. Then, she worked as a high school science educator in northeast Los Angeles through Teach for America before entering graduate school. Now she is a PhD student in Psychology & Neuroscience who entered through the Cognitive Neuroscience Admitting Program. She works with Elizabeth Marsh and Felipe De Brigard to study questions relating to imagining, belief, and education. 

Maria Khoudary

Maria earned a B.S. in Psychology and Philosophy from Boston College, where she worked in Maureen Ritchey's Memory Modulation Lab. Now, she manages the IMC Lab and coordinates the Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy. She is interested in confidence & metacognition, interactions among memory, attention, and perception, and philosophy of neuroscience. 

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